Wednesday, January 29, 2014

Mary Cummins receives Latino Business Award from Los Angeles Business Journal 2014

Los Angeles Business Journal Latino Business Awards Mary Rivera Cummins real estate los angeles california

Mary Cummins a Los Angeles real estate appraiser with Cummins Real Estate Services received an award from the Los Angeles Business Journal for the 2014 Latino Business Awards. All finalists received an award. Below was published in the Los Angeles Business Journal newspaper. 
Mary Cummins Los Angeles Business Journal Latino Business awards California real estate

Mary Cummins, real estate appraiser, Cummins Real Estate Services, Latino business awards 2014, Los Angeles Business Journal

Below is a letter from the publisher about the awards.
Mary Cummins, real estate appraiser, Cummins Real Estate Services, Latino business awards 2014, Los Angeles Business Journal

Cummins Real Estate was a finalist in the Los Angeles Business Journal Latino awards today!


My family is from Mexico. I speak Spanish. For this reason I do a lot of business in the latino community. I also do a lot of pro bono work in these same areas. Giving back to the community is something my grandmother Maria Rivera Cummins who was born in the Federal District of Mexico in 1899 instilled in me. She believed that God gave her the ability to make money. For this reason she gave money to Mexican charities through the Catholic Daughters of America. I am named after my grandmother. I am thankful for the recognition of this award. Gracias!


The Los Angeles Business Journal’s 2014 Latino Business Awards

LBALOGO

THE LATIN BUSINESS ASSOCIATION,

in partnership with the
LABJnew2005logoRGB

is once again proud to present
the Los Angeles Business Journal’s
2014_lba_logo_rgb
taking place

TUESDAY, JANUARY 21, 2014

11:00am to 1:30pm
at the
Millenium-Biltmore-Hotel-Los-Angeles-pic-jpg.
Millennium-Biltmore-Hotel-Los-Angeles-Logo-jpg.

506 SOUTH GRAND AVENUE
LOS ANGELES, CA 90071

Tel: (213) 624-1011

THE 5TH ANNUAL LATINO BUSINESS AWARDS

The Latin Business Association, recognized as the premier Latin Business Trade Organization in California, is proud to have been selected as a Community Partner for the third consecutive year by the Los Angeles Business Journal in presenting the 2014 Latino Business Awards. As we celebrate the 5th annual awards, we will recognize businesses within the Latino community “Who Are Setting an Example for Excellence Throughout Los Angeles County!

CATEGORIES INCLUDE:

  • SMALL PUBLIC
  • LARGE PUBLIC
  • SMALL PRIVATE
  • LARGE PRIVATE
  • NONPROFIT
  • LATINO ADVOCATE
  • LIFETIME ACHIEVEMENT
  • (TBD based on nominations)

ANNOUNCING THE FINALISTS!

The following companies have been selected as finalists for consideration for the 2014 Latino Business Awards:
    Agile Sourcing Partners; Aura Toner Supplies, Inc.*; Azteca International Corporation; Barrio Planners, Inc.; Boemba*; CA Latino Legislative Caucus Institute for Public Policy; Cummins Real Estate Services; Eco Rico Entertainment, LLC; Eddie’s Tickets; E.L.L.A.S.- Embracing Latina Leadership Alliances**; Giselle Fernandez; Golden Financial Insurance Services, Inc.*; Hit Mobile; HSG Professional Window Cleaners; Kadima Security Services, Inc.; La Amapola, Inc.*; Latin Inspired Designs; Law Offices of Juan J. Dominguez; Live, Inspire, Train; Los Altos Food Products, Inc.; Madalyn’s Cupcakes*; Meruelo Group; MAOF- Mexican American Opportunity Foundation**; MABA- Mexican American Bar Association; Mixed Up Clothing, Inc.; OneSource Supply Solutions; Power Woman Business Center; PromoShop Inc.; Quaintise; R2F Investment Bankers, LLC; Revo Payments; Reyes Winery*; Ruiz Strategies; Sazon Latin Fusion; Sensis; Sotomayor & Associates, LLP; SEWO- Southeast Women’s Organization**; The Grande Law Firm; TIG/m, LLC Modern Street Railways; Traffic Management, Inc.; Transit Systems Unlimited, Inc.; USMCC- United States Mexico Chamber of Commerce; Vaco Los Angeles
*Member of the Latin Business Association (LBA)

Mary Cummins of Animal Advocates is a wildlife rehabilitator licensed by the California Department of Fish and Game. Mary Cummins is also a licensed real estate appraiser in Los Angeles, California.

Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary Cummins-Cobb, Mary, Cummins, Cobb, real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, single family, condo, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls,

Monday, January 27, 2014

Mary Cummins receives Los Angeles Business Journal award

Mary Cummins of Cummins Real Estate Services has received the 2014 Latino Business award from the Los Angeles Business Journal. Cummins was honored for her many years working in the latino community helping latinos.

Mary Cummins of Cummins Real Estate Services receives Latino Business award from Los Angeles Business Journal
Mary Cummins of Animal Advocates is a wildlife rehabilitator licensed by the California Department of Fish and Game. Mary Cummins is also a licensed real estate appraiser in Los Angeles, California.

Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary Cummins-Cobb, Mary, Cummins, Cobb, real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, single family, condo, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls,

Bikram Choudhury does not own yoga, yoga poses or even a sequence of poses. Mary Cummins

Bikram Choudhury does not own yoga, yoga poses or even a specific sequence of poses. I finally found the correct legal opinion and ruling. Bikram Choudhury lost his copyright for a sequence of poses. Copyright office stated they would not give a copyright for yoga poses or a sequence of poses in the future.

After a heated battle between Bikram and several yoga studios practicing “hot yoga”, U.S. District Court Judge Otis Wright ruled last Friday that Bkiram does not in fact have copyright protection for the 26 yoga posture sequence and two breathing exercises he developed. What’s that mean? That Evolation—one of the studios involved—and anybody else who wants to, are permitted to offer “hot yoga” classes using the 26 posture sequence in question.

Wright said, “even if the manner in which Choudhury arranged the sequence is unique, the sequence would not be copyrightable subject matter because individual yoga poses are not copyrightable subject matter.”

The judge ruled that Bikram’s copyrights cover only his books and videos describing Bikram Yoga, not the performance of the asanas themselves. But the ruling stated that yoga teachers “cannot be liable for copyright infringement for teaching, using or performing the sequence.”

Here is the full pdf of the Judge's ruling.

http://www.marycummins.com/bikram_choudhury_judge_order_no_copyright.pdf

The introduction sums it up. This Judge did a really good job in writing this order. He's a very good writer and understands copyright better than the copyright office that gave Bikram his copyright.

"I. INTRODUCTION

Copyrights cover an author’s creative expression of facts and ideas—the facts and ideas themselves are not protected. Defendants Evolation Yoga, LLC, Mark Drost, and Zefea Samson contend that they do not infringe on Plaintiff Bikram Choudhury’s copyrights by teaching or performing the yoga sequence described in the copyrighted works. Choudhury insists that they do infringe; the copyrights are broad and cover not only the actual written or audiovisual works, but the depicted yoga sequence as well—like a pantomime or choreographic work. The Court concludes that the yoga sequence itself is not covered under Choudhury’s copyrights and thus, there can be no infringement. Accordingly, the Court GRANTS Defendants’ Motion for Partial Summary Judgment. (ECF No. 25.)


II. BACKGROUND

Bikram Choudhury developed the Bikram Yoga brand and its yoga system, which includes 26 yoga poses and two breathing exercises that are always performed in the same order, and in the same manner: in a room heated to 105 degree Fahrenheit for precisely 90 minutes. (Compl. ¶ 17–18.) Choudhury claims that his yoga system (“Sequence”) is capable of helping to avoid, correct, cure, heal, and alleviate the symptoms of a variety of diseases and health issues. (UF 19–22.) He began offering Bikram Yoga classes around 1971 at Bikram’s Yoga College of India. (Compl. ¶ 19.)

In 1994, Choudhury created the Bikram Yoga Teacher Training Course. (Compl. ¶ 21.) Choudhury also wrote different books describing and depicting the Sequence and obtained copyright registrations for them. (Compl. ¶¶ 31–33.) In 1979, Choudhury obtained a copyright registration (TX 179-160) for a book titled “Bikram’s Beginning Yoga Class.” (Compl. ¶ 31.) In 2002, he obtained a supplemental registration to his 1979 copyright (TX 5-624-003). (Compl. ¶ 32.) He also attempted to register a copyright for “Bikram’s Asana Sequence” as a work of the performing arts in 2002—but this was never registered by the Copyright Office. (Mot. 14.)

Drost and Samson were trainees of Bikram’s Course and as a result, became authorized to teach Bikram’s Basic Yoga System. (Compl. ¶¶ 38–39.) Subsequently, Drost and Samson formed Evolation Yoga, LLC and opened numerous yoga studios, offering yoga classes that utilize the Sequence that Bikram developed without Bikram’s authorization. (Compl. ¶¶ 38, 44, 46, 47.) As a result, Plaintiffs Bikram’s Yoga College of India, L.P. and Bikram Choudhury demanded that Defendants cease and desist from using and teaching Bikram Yoga. (Compl. ¶ 56.) Unable to settle their differences, Plaintiffs brought suit against Defendants for: (1) copyright infringement; (2) trademark infringement; (3) false designation of origin; (4) dilution; (5) unfair competition; (6) unfair business practices; (7) breach of contract; and (8) inducing breach of contract. Plaintiffs also claim that such violations were willful. (Compl. ¶¶ 59, 69, 74, 77, 79.)


Defendants now ask the Court to grant their Motion for Partial Summary Judgment for noninfringement of Choudhury’s copyrights as to their use of the taught Sequence.

III. LEGAL STANDARD

Summary judgment should be granted if there are no genuine issues of material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a matter of law.2 Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). The moving party bears the initial burden of establishing the absence of a genuine issue of material fact. Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323–24 (1986). Once the moving party has met its burden, the nonmoving party must go beyond the pleadings and identify specific facts through admissible evidence that show a genuine issue for trial. Id.; Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c). Conclusory or speculative testimony in affidavits and moving papers is insufficient to raise genuine issues of fact and defeat summary judgment. Thornhill’s Publ’g Co. v. GTE Corp., 594 F.2d 730, 738 (9th Cir. 1979).

A genuine issue of material fact must be more than a scintilla of evidence, or evidence that is merely colorable or not significantly probative. Addisu v. Fred Meyer, 198 F.3d 1130, 1134 (9th Cir. 2000). A disputed fact is “material” where the resolution of that fact might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law. Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1968). An issue is “genuine” if the evidence is sufficient for a reasonable jury to return a verdict for the nonmoving party. Id. Where the moving and nonmoving parties’ versions of events differ, courts are required to view the facts and draw reasonable inferences in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party. Scott v. Harris, 550 U.S. 372, 378 (2007).

2 Plaintiffs wrongly argue that the Court may not grant summary judgment on a portion of a claim. (Opp’n 8.) The Court is not limited to disposing of entire claims on summary-judgment motions. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56 allows the Court to grant summary judgment on “part of each claim or defense.” The Supreme Court noted, “One of the principal purposes of the summary judgment rule is to isolate and dispose of factually unsupported claims or defenses.” Celotex Corp. v. Caltrett, 477 U.S. 317, 323–24 (1986).


IV . DISCUSSION

To establish copyright infringement, a plaintiff must prove (1) ownership of a valid copyright in the infringed work, and (2) copying of the copyrighted work’s original elements. Feist Publ’ns, Inc. v. Rural Tel. Serv. Co., 499 U.S. 340, 361 (1991). Plaintiffs claim that they have copyrights for Choudhury’s books, audiovisual works, and the Sequence. (Compl. ¶ 27–33.)

The issue in this Motion is whether the Sequence created by Choudhury is protected under one of his various copyrights.3 But there are two reasons why the Sequence is not copyrighted: 1) Choudhury’s copyrights cover his literary and audiovisual works—but only his expression of the facts and ideas contained within, and not the facts and ideas themselves; and 2) even though Choudhury’s works describe the Sequence (and teach one how to do it), a compilation of exercises or yoga poses itself does not fall into any of the copyrightable categories under 17 U.S.C. § 102(a) and is not copyrightable under § 102(b) because it is a system or procedure.

A. Copyrights cover creative expressions, not facts or ideas

Defendants do not presently dispute the validity of Choudhury’s copyrights. Instead, they point out that the copyright registrations are only for his books and audiovisual works, which depict and describe the Yoga Sequence. (Choudhury Decl. Exs. H, I, O, U.) The copyright office did not issue to Choudhury a copyright registration for a pantomime or choreographic work, exercise routine, or compilation of postures. Plaintiffs contend that the Supplemental Registration TX 5-624-003 is a registration for the Sequence. (Opp’n 9); (Choudhury Decl. Ex. N.) This is not true. This registration is for a supplement to the 1979 copyright for Choudhury’s book, adding the notation that Choudhury is the author of a “compilation of exercises.” (Id.) In other words, the supplemental registration clarifies that Choudhury’s contribution includes the Sequence; not that the registration was for the Sequence itself.
3 For this Motion, the Court assumes that Choudhury created the Sequence by modifying traditional yoga exercises and does not reach the issue of originality.


But Plaintiffs assert that the copyrights cover the Sequence. (Opp’n 9.) That is, anyone performing the Sequence, as taught by Choudhury’s books and videos, commits copyright infringement. But this argument is tenuous—facts and ideas within a work are not protected; only an author’s expression of them is. Shaw v. Lindheim, 919 F.2d 1353, 1356 (9th Cir. 1990). The Sequence is a collection of facts and ideas.4 There is a distinction between a creative work that compiles a series of exercises and the compilation of exercises itself. The former is copyrightable, the latter is not. See Feist, 499 U.S. at 357 (“Facts are never original, so the compilation author can claim originality, if at all, only in the way the facts are presented.”).

B. A system of exercises or yoga poses is not copyrightable subject matter

Moreover, only certain categories of creative works may be copyrighted. Under 17 U.S.C. § 102(a), copyright protection subsists in original works of authorship, which are limited to these categories: (1) literary works; (2) musical works; (3) dramatic works; (4) pantomimes and choreographic works; (5) pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works; (6) motion pictures and other audiovisual works; (7) sound recordings; and (8) architectural works. The Sequence itself does not fall into any of these categories.

The Sequence—Choudhury’s compilation of exercises and yoga poses (and not the book or videos depicting the compilation)—is merely a procedure or system of exercises. Regardless of the categories enumerated in § 102(a), copyright protection does not “extend to any idea, procedure, process, system, method of operation, concept, principle, or discovery, regardless of the form in which it is described, explained, illustrated, or embodied in such work.” 17 U.S.C. § 102(b). According to the Copyright Office, a “compilation of yoga poses may be precluded from registration as a functional system or process in cases where the particular movements

4 Plaintiffs argue that the Copyright Office has issued copyright registrations for facts and ideas, such as the TAE-BO exercise program. (Opp’n 13.) Those copyrights are not before the Court in this case—they may be invalid copyrights. Thus, the Court declines to consider those copyright registrations with respect to the copyrightability of the Sequence.


and the order in which they are to be performed are said to result in improvements in one’s health or physical or mental condition.”5 77 Fed. Reg. 37605, 37607 (June 22, 2012). Choudhury admits that the Sequence helps to prevent, cure, and alleviate disease. UF 19–22. The Court can only conclude that the Sequence is a system or process that is not copyrightable subject matter under § 102(b).
But Plaintiffs contend that the Sequence is at least copyrightable as a pantomime or a choreographic work because the Sequence consists of “significant gestures without speech.” 1 Nimmer § 2.07[A] at 2-67; (Opp’n 14.) However, Congress contemplated copyright protection for dramatic works to be something significantly more than what Plaintiffs offer here:

Congress has stated that the subject matter of choreography does not include “social dance steps and simple routines.” H.R. Rep. 94-1476 at 54 (1976). A compilation of simple routines, social dances, or even exercises would not be registrable unless it results in a category of copyrightable authorship. A mere compilation of physical movements does not rise to the level of choreographic authorship unless it contains sufficient attributes of a work of choreography. And although a choreographic work, such as a ballet or abstract modern dance, may incorporate simple routines, social dances, or even exercise routines as elements of the overall work, the mere selection and arrangement of physical movements does not in itself support a claim of choreographic authorship. 77 Fed. Reg. 37605, 37607 (June 22, 2012).

5 Plaintiffs argue that the Court should give little deference to the Copyright Office’s Statement of Policy because the Copyright Office did “not produce records explaining the recent shift or even identify those records so that the Court could determine the legitimacy of the Copyright Office’s grounds for doing so.” (Opp’n 14, 16.) But under Skidmore, an administrative agency’s interpretation merits deference given (1) its specialized experience, broader investigations, and information available to the agency; and (2) the value of uniformity in administrative and judicial interpretations of a statutory scheme. Skidmore v. Swift & Co., 323 U.S. 134, 139 (1944). The Supreme Court has long recognized that “considerable weight should be accorded to an executive department’s construction of a statutory scheme it is entrusted to administer, and the principle of deference to administrative interpretations.” Chevron U.S.A. Inc. v. Natural Res. Def. Council, Inc., 467 U.S. 837, 844 (1984). And other courts have generally given weight to the interpretation of a statute by the Copyright Office. Cablevision Sys. Dev. Co. v. Motion Picture Ass’n of Am., Inc., 836 F.2d 599, 609 (D.C. Cir. 1988).


Thus, preferable forms of pantomimes or choreographic works—ones that satisfied the fixation requirement for copyrights—are ones recorded in either the Laban system of notation or as a motion picture of the dance. 1 Nimmer § 2.07[C] at 2-70. Choudhury’s copyrighted works are not either of those. Further, the Sequence of 26 yoga poses hardly seems to fall within the definition of a pantomime or a choreographic work because of the simplicity of the Sequence and the fact that it is not a dramatic performance.

And as explicitly explained by the Copyright Office, compilations of exercises—specifically yoga exercises—are not copyrightable:

An example that has occupied the attention of the Copyright Office for quite some time involves the copyrightability of the selection and arrangement of preexisting exercises, such as yoga poses. Interpreting the statutory definition of “compilation” in isolation could lead to the conclusion that a sufficiently creative selection, coordination or arrangement of public domain yoga poses is copyrightable as a compilation of such poses or exercises. However, under the policy stated herein, a claim in a compilation of exercises or the selection and arrangement of yoga poses will be refused registration. 77 Fed. Reg. 37605, 37607 (June 22, 2012).

Although books or photographs that depict a compilation of exercises may be copyrightable, the “compilation authorship would not extend to the selection, coordination or arrangement of the exercises themselves that are depicted in the photographs or drawings.” Id. In contrast, Plaintiffs argue that the “component parts of a collective work” do not have to be original for the author to copyright the compilation, but it is enough that the collection was selected, coordinated, and arranged in such a way that makes the work as a whole an original work of authorship. (Opp’n 10.) This is not enough in this instance involving a yoga system. The Copyright Office made clear that “exercise is not a category of authorship in section 102 and thus a compilation of exercises would not be copyrightable subject matter.” 77 Fed. Reg. 37605, 37607 (June 22, 2012). Thus, even if the manner inwhich Choudhury arranged the Sequence is unique, the Sequence would not be copyrightable subject matter because individual yoga poses are not copyrightable subject matter.

V . CONCLUSION

For the reasons discussed above, the Court finds that the Sequence is not copyrightable subject matter; and thus, not included within the ambit of Choudhury’s various copyrights for his books and audiovisual works. Defendants cannot be liable for copyright infringement for teaching, using, or performing the Sequence, as described and depicted in the copyrighted works.6 Therefore, the Court GRANTS Defendants’ Motion for Partial Summary Judgment.

IT IS SO ORDERED.

December 14, 2012
____________________________________
OTIS D. WRIGHT, II UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE








http://d151zmu24yfxwe.cloudfront.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/Bill-Donahue-Yoga-Poses-Cant-be-Copyrighted-Judge-Rules-published-12-17-12-at-Law360-2.pdf

Mary Cummins of Animal Advocates is a wildlife rehabilitator licensed by the California Department of Fish and Game. Mary Cummins is also a licensed real estate appraiser in Los Angeles, California.

Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary Cummins-Cobb, Mary, Cummins, Cobb, real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, single family, condo, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls,

Sunday, January 26, 2014

Bikram Choudhury, Raja Shree, Bikram Yoga, home on 3172 Toppington, Beverly Hills, California

Bikram Choudhury, Bikram Yoga, home, 3172 Toppington, Beverly Hills, California
I happened to be in court when the copyright case of Bikram Choudhury and Bikram Yoga was heard. Bikram Choudhury was the plaintiff suing another yoga studio for using his series of yoga poses. The Judge ruled yoga poses can't be copyrighted. Judge further ruled that you can't copyright a "series of poses." You can only copyright what you specifically wrote such as a book, song, screenplay.

Earlier today someone had posted about Bikram Choudhury being sued for assault and rape. I then realized this was the same Bikram Choudhury (born February 10, 1946) who used to have a yoga studio on Robertson then one at 1832 LaCienega. Both of those are now closed. I remember in the Los Angeles Times they had building and safety, zoning issues. If you look at the reviews for that yoga studio, they all say the place was dirty, smell, facilities did not work. Nonetheless he seemed to do well financially in that studio. He now has studios elsewhere.

His wife Raja Shree born May 7, 1965 is also his partner. They were married in 1984. They own their home and residence at 3172 Toppington, Beverly Hills, California 90210. This is Beverly Hills post office which is actually Los Angeles. They are just south of Mulholland.

Bikram Choudhury, Raja Shree, Bikram Yoga, home 3172 Toppington, Beverly Hills, California

Bikram Choudhury, Raja Shree, Bikram Yoga, home 3172 Toppington, Beverly Hills, California

Bikram Choudhury, Raja Shree, Bikram Yoga, home 3172 Toppington, Beverly Hills, California
Their home is on a dead end cul de sac street on a large flag lot. It's never been in the MLS as far as I can tell so I have no interior photos. The home is 6,079 sf five bedroom, six baths, two stories on a 18,290 sf flag lot. They paid $605,000 for it in 1986. In 1995 they transferred it to the Choudhury Trust. It was built in 1977 and has a pool. Private lender has a $1,000,000 first.

Here's a recent article about him. He is really full of himself. Here is a quote from the article linked below.

"By outward appearance, Choudhury is a ludicrous character, a flashy showboat who wears crocodile shoes and gangster fedoras; owns dozens of Rolls-Royces, Bentleys, and the like (including Howard Hughes’s Royal Daimler, with a toilet in back); lives in an 8,000-square-foot Beverly Hills mansion seemingly built entirely from gold, stone, and mirrors; and has released a maudlin album, Bikram Love, on which he sings synthy ballads with titles like “I Feel Lonely” and “People Are Beautiful.” He claims to sleep only two hours a night, and he is given to swaggering pronouncements—e.g., “I have balls like atom bombs, two of them, 100 mega-tons each. Nobody fucks with me.” Fashioning himself as a kind of suicide-prevention sexual Samaritan, he once said of his female trainees, according to a Details-magazine interview, “If they say to me, ‘Boss, you must fuck me or I will kill myself,’ then I do it. Think if I don’t! The karma!” Choudhury regularly makes outlandish, non-F.D.A./F.T.C.-approved claims for his yoga, asserting that it cures cancer, rid Janet Reno of her Parkinson’s, and saved John McEnroe’s career, among other miracle tales. (Choudhury reserves his least palatable thoughts, on women, gay people, various ethnic groups, and leadership—“He said, ‘Hitler was a genius,’ ” Jane says—for the relative privacy of his teacher trainings, according to multiple sources.)"

http://www.vanityfair.com/society/2014/01/bikram-choudhury-yoga-sexual-harassment

I think I remember seeing him around town in the 1990s. I definitely remember seeing his studios getting off the 10 freeway to go home. This will be an interesting case to follow.

In 2000 in Beverly Hills he was charged criminally for apprentices California Code of Regulations 205. He was also charged under Beverly Hills City Code 10-3.1604(6) which I think is a building and safety permit violation, probably for the Robertson property. BH0BH00357-01Charges dismissed.

In 2010 in Los Angeles he was charged criminally for LAA6CA00226-01 57.33, 91.109, 12.21 Los Angeles municipal code violations. There are more charges. Dismissed. Looks like he got his lawyers on these cases to get them dismissed.

The  number of civil cases he has against his is staggering. This is just in Los Angeles.


NameCase TypeFiling DateLocationAvailable Imaged Documents
BIKRAM CHOUDHURY YOGA INC.Other PI/PD/WD (Unlimited)08/18/2004Stanley Mosk Courthouse1
BIKRAM CHOUDHURY YOGA INCCONTRACT (Limited)04/01/2004Beverly Hills Courthouse
BIKRAM CHOUDHURY YOGA INC.Wrongful Termination (Unlimited)06/13/2013Stanley Mosk Courthouse93
BIKRAM CHOUDHURYSmall Claims08/10/1993Beverly Hills Courthouse
BIKRAM CHOUDHURYUNLAWFUL DETAINER (Limited)09/30/2005West Los Angeles Courthouse
BIKRAM CHOUDHURYQuiet Title (Unlimited)05/31/2000Stanley Mosk Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAM AN INDIVIDUALOTHER NON P/IWD (Limited)08/07/1995Stanley Mosk Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAM DBA YOGA COLLEGE OF INDIAU.D.- COMMERCIAL (Limited)12/22/1999Beverly Hills Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAM INDIVIDUALLY AND DBA YOGA COLLEGE OF INDIAU.D.- RESIDENTIAL (Limited)07/09/1993Beverly Hills Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAM MRS.Othr Breach Contr/Warr-not Fraud (Unlimited)12/03/1999Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMIntentional PI/PD/WD (eg. assault) (Unlimited)05/07/2013Stanley Mosk Courthouse12
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMOther PI/PD/WD (Unlimited)08/09/2013Stanley Mosk Courthouse16
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMOthr Breach Contr/Warr-not Fraud (Unlimited)12/03/1999Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMDeclaratory Relief Only (Unlimited)05/17/2007Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMCommrcial Compl-Not Tort or Complx (Unlimited)11/26/1996Stanley Mosk Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMIns Coverage (not Complex) (Unlimited)04/29/2009Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMSmall Claims04/17/1996West Los Angeles Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMMotor Vehicle - PI/PD/WD (Unlimited)06/07/1990Torrance Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMOther Compl-not Tort or Complex (Unlimited)06/11/1998Stanley Mosk Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMQuiet Title (Unlimited)05/31/2000Stanley Mosk Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMUNLAWFUL DETAINER (Limited)07/24/2003West Los Angeles Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMUD/Commercial (not Drugs/Evict) (Unlimited)02/20/2007Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMUD/Commercial (not Drugs/Evict) (Unlimited)07/07/2003Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMOther Commercial/Business Tort (Unlimited)03/07/2013Stanley Mosk Courthouse39
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMOTHER PI/D/W TORT (Limited)03/03/1995Beverly Hills Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMWrongful Eviction (Unlimited)06/29/2006Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMUNLAWFUL DETAINER (Limited)04/18/1995West Los Angeles Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMOther Commercial/Business Tort (Unlimited)12/01/2005Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMCivil01/08/1985
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMCivil05/13/1988
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMCivil04/15/1997
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMCivil05/31/1990
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMCivil07/24/1990
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMCivil01/25/1985
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMContractual Fraud (Unlimited)09/14/2009Santa Monica Courthouse
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMIntentional PI/PD/WD (eg. assault) (Unlimited)05/06/2013Stanley Mosk Courthouse21
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMWrongful Termination (Unlimited)11/25/2013Stanley Mosk Courthouse4
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMCivil Rights (Unlimited)05/18/2011Stanley Mosk Courthouse238
CHOUDHURY BIKRAMAUTO TORT (Limited)01/09/2009Beverly Hills Courthouse

Bankruptcy Results
Party Name CourtCaseChDate FiledDate ClosedDisposition
 
1BIKRAM YOGA COLLEGE OF INDIA (db)cacbke9:04-bk-10201701/27/200405/24/2004Standard Discharge 05/05/2004
2BIKRAM YOGA COLLEGE OF INDIA (db)cacbke8:05-bk-19530710/11/200504/11/2006Standard Discharge 03/02/2006
3Bikram Yoga College of India El Cerrito (db)canbke4:05-bk-47075710/12/200501/27/2006Standard Discharge 01/11/2006
4Bikram Yoga College of India Lahaina (db)hibke1:05-bk-00756703/29/200512/10/2006Standard Discharge 07/12/2005
5BIKRAM YOGA OF WOODBURY (db)mnbke3:11-bk-379471312/28/2011
6Bikram Yoga Palm Desert (db)cacbke6:11-bk-19472703/23/201108/03/2011Standard Discharge 07/27/2011
7Bikram Yoga Palm Desert (jdb)cacbke6:11-bk-19472703/23/201108/03/2011Standard Discharge 07/27/2011
Civil Results
Party Name CourtCaseNOSDate FiledDate Closed
 
8Bikram Yoga Tempe LLC (pla)azdce2:2011-cv-0112111006/03/201109/08/2011

Civil Results
Party Name CourtCaseNOSDate FiledDate Closed
1Choudhury, Bikram (cd)cacdce2:2008-cv-0340784005/23/200801/06/2010
2Choudhury, Bikram (cd)cacdce2:2011-cv-0550682007/01/201104/04/2013
3Choudhury, Bikram (cd)cacdce2:2011-cv-0737782009/07/201108/19/2013
4Choudhury, Bikram (cd)cacdce2:2011-cv-0799882009/27/201111/30/2012
5Choudhury, Bikram (pla)cacdce8:2002-cv-0056582006/10/200206/30/2003
6Choudhury, Bikram (pla)cacdce2:2011-cv-0550682007/01/201104/04/2013
7Choudhury, Bikram (pla)cacdce2:2011-cv-0737782009/07/201108/19/2013
8Choudhury, Bikram (pla)cacdce2:2011-cv-0799882009/27/201111/30/2012
9Choudhury, Bikram (dft)candce4:2003-cv-0318282007/09/200305/05/2005
10Choudhury, Bikram (cd)hidce1:2012-cv-0000819001/05/201201/03/2013
11Choudhury, Bikram (pla)hidce1:2012-cv-0000819001/05/201201/03/2013
Appellate Results
Party Name CourtCaseNOSDate FiledDate Closed
12Choudhury, Bikram (pty)09cae12-80142107/10/201209/11/2012
13Choudhury, Bikram (pty)09cae12-56672382009/11/201202/22/2013
14Choudhury, Bikram (pty)09cae13-55070382001/11/201302/19/2013
15Choudhury, Bikram (pty)09cae13-55763382005/03/2013












Mary Cummins of Animal Advocates is a wildlife rehabilitator licensed by the California Department of Fish and Game. Mary Cummins is also a licensed real estate appraiser in Los Angeles, California.

Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary Cummins-Cobb, Mary, Cummins, Cobb, real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, single family, condo, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls,